Bhaktapur, going back as early as the 8th century, is known as the cultural capital of Nepal. Its history includes it as being the legal capital from 12th to 15th century, while remaining powerful there after. Its current population stands at 65,000 of which most are peasants. Others are business people, craftsmen, producers of handicrafts as well as public servants. Traditional style pottery, weavings, woodwork are produced here as are BhadgauleTopi (black cap), Haku Patasi (black saree with red border), with JuyuDhau (the King of Yoghurt) not to be forgotten.
This amazing, traffic free city, with its harmonious blend of Newari, Hindu and Buddhists religions, not only displays its centuries old Newari heritage in art and architecture, but also offers its unique eastern hospitality and traditional Newari cuisine.
Five places are of most importance with squares to visit as Bhaktapur Durbar, Taumadhi, Dattatraya and Pottery Square. In addition, the nearby old part of MadhyapurThimi town. Thimi contains many historical and cultural sites with in addition many Hindu and BuddhistssBiharas well worth a visit.
Bhaktapur Durbar Square became listed in the World Heritage Sites in 1979. This was particularly in recognition of the “Living Heritage” or “Living Museum” displaying the vibrant depth of the Newari culture, its festivals, rituals and traditional life styles.